April 07, 2022
Conclusions: The findings of this systematic review and meta-analysis suggest that UV phototherapy is a safe treatment for vitiligo with no significant risk of skin cancer.
Background: Although ultraviolet (UV) phototherapy is an effective treatment for vitiligo, its effect on the risk of skin cancer remains controversial.
Aim: To investigate the association between UV phototherapy and skin cancer risk in patients with vitiligo.
Methods: A systematic review was performed for studies published before 5 May 2021 in the PubMed, Embase, Web of Science and Cochrane Library databases. The primary outcome was the association of UV phototherapy with the risk of skin cancer in patients with vitiligo. A meta-analysis with a random-effects model was conducted.
Results: Five retrospective cohort studies covering a total of 228 607 patients with vitiligo (110 038 who had been treated with UV phototherapy and 118 569 patients who had not) were included in the meta-analysis. The risk of nonmelanoma skin cancer [Mantel-Haenszel risk ratio (MHRR) = 0.95; 95% CI 0.44-2.05] and melanoma (MHRR = 1.11; 95% CI 0.33-3.82) did not significantly increase after phototherapy in patients with vitiligo. In the subgroup analysis, we also found no significant association between phototherapy with narrowband UVB phototherapy specifically and risk of skin cancer in patients with vitiligo. There was no significant difference in risk of skin cancer between patients from Europe and those from East Asia and the risk was not affected by the number of narrowband UVB phototherapy sessions.
April 07, 2022
Impact of narrow-band ultraviolet B radiation therapy on the quality of life of patients with vitiligo
Conclusion: NB-UVB therapy is effective in alleviating psychological stress and improving the quality of life of patients with vitiligo.
Objectives: Patients with vitiligo experience emotional and psychological stress as they undergo long-term therapy. The debilitating psychosocial effects of this disease on patients' quality of life is well-documented. This study evaluates the effect of the introduction of narrow-band ultraviolet-B (NB-UVB) therapy on the quality of life of patients with vitiligo in Almadinah Almunawwarah, KSA.
Methods: Thirty-eight patients from the main dermatology center of Ohud Hospital, Almadinah Almunawwarah, were interviewed between June 2017 and March 2019 using the Dermatology Life Quality Index (DLQI) questionnaire. The interviews were conducted before and one year after the course of NB-UVB therapy, which was added as a new treatment modality to the basic therapeutic regimen of topical medications.
Results: The patients' response to vitiligo therapy was positive. The overall patient satisfaction score regarding the NB-UVB therapy was as high as 9.1 out of 10. The initial overall DLQI score (5.67 ± 0.90) markedly decreased after the NB-UVB therapy (3.08 ± 0.56), indicating a significant improvement. The patients' adherence to the follow-up visits also improved.
April 07, 2022
Conclusion: Addition of calcipotriene ointment may improve the efficacy of the targeted UVB phototherapy in the treatment of plaque-type psoriasis.
Background: Targeted UVB and topical calcipotriene have frequently been used in the treatment of psoriasis, but the joint effect of calcipotriene and targeted UVB has been controversial.
Objectives: The purpose of this study was to systematically evaluate whether the efficacy of the combined use of targeted UVB and calcipotriene is superior to the targeted UVB alone.
Methods: We performed systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) in patients with plaque-type psoriasis through searching the defined key words in the PubMed, EMBase, and Cochrane Central Register databases. Pooled mean difference of the Psoriasis Area and Severity Index (PASI) relative change (%) was estimated using a random effect model. The quality of included studies and publication bias were assessed using the Jadad scale and the Egger's test, respectively.
Results: A total of five RCTs including 182 patients were included in the systematic review. The mean difference of the PASI relative change (%) between the combined therapy versus the targeted UVB alone was -22.68 (95%CI: -37.12 to -8.24; p = .002). Publication bias was not supported by the Egger's test (p = .424).
April 07, 2022
Conclusions: Home NB-UVB phototherapy is at least as effective as outpatient clinic NB-UVB phototherapy for the treatment of mild to severe psoriasis (GRADE: Moderate).
People with photoresponsive skin conditions with whom we spoke viewed home NB-UVB phototherapy as beneficial for those with health conditions that make it difficult to travel, for those with busy schedules, and for those who may not have the means to pay for travel to clinics.
Full details here:
April 07, 2022
Conclusions: PUVA and NB-UVB remain an effective anti-psoriatic treatment;
Introduction: Narrow band ultraviolet B (NB-UVB) and psoralen-ultraviolet A (PUVA) remain inexpensive and effective anti-psoriatic therapies adopted worldwide with different frequency protocols. We aimed to systematically assess the evidence on the effects of different frequency protocols of phototherapy in treating psoriasis.
Evidence acquisition: We used the following terms, namely "photochemotherapy", "phototherapy", "psoriasis", "UVB", "UVA" and "ultraviolet therapy", to search the Cochrane Controlled Register of Trials, MEDLINE and Embase databases on August 1, 2019. We organized results using a PRISM diagram and analyzed bias risks with RoB-2 tool.
Evidence synthesis: We included five randomized controlled trials (RCTs) on oral PUVA and three RCTs on NB-UVB. The five studies on PUVA included a total of 1452 patients with plaque psoriasis and did not find any significant difference in efficacy comparing two- vs. three- vs. four times weekly protocols. The three studies on NB-UVB included a total of 248 patients with plaque psoriasis. No differences in efficacy were reported in comparing different frequencies in delivering NB-UVB, namely twice vs. thrice weekly, twice vs. four times weekly, and thrice- vs. five times weekly protocols. Although protocols with higher treatments frequency per week achieved clearance faster than lower frequency ones, but they did not differ in terms of efficacy.
April 07, 2022
Combination of carboxytherapy with NB-UVB leads to higher percentage of repigmentation and patients' satisfaction compared to monotherapy with NB-UVB.
Carboxytherapy has been used in the treatment of autoimmune skin diseases such as psoriasis and morphea. Carboxytherapy has antioxidant effects, and leads to better tissue oxygenation, and release of growth factors. In this article, we decided to evaluate efficacy of combined carboxytherapy and narrowband-ultraviolet B (NB-UVB) compared to NB-UVB alone in the treatment of vitiligo. This is a prospective, split-body double-blind comparative study performed in patients with generalized stable vitiligo in acral areas and extremities referred to dermatology clinic of Afzalipour hospital in Kerman University of Medical Sciences. NB-UVB was performed three times a week in non-consecutive days for 4 months. In each patient, one lesion was randomly treated with carboxytherapy (weekly sessions for total of 16 sessions). Efficacy of treatment was evaluated by percentage of repigmentation of the lesions. Chi-square test and analysis of variance test (ANOVA) were used to compare efficacy of treatment based on demographic features of the patients and clinical features of the lesions, respectively. Twenty-eight patients with mean age of 32.35 ± 7.37 years old completed the study. At the end of the treatment, 37% of the patients in combination therapy group demonstrated more than 75% improvement compared to 0% in the monotherapy group (p = 0.001). There was no significant difference between either demographic features of the patients (age, sex, and skin phototypes) or duration of disease with efficacy of the treatment in both groups. Combination of carboxytherapy with NB-UVB leads to higher percentage of repigmentation and patients' satisfaction compared to monotherapy with NB-UVB.
April 07, 2022
High-Throughput RNA Sequencing Reveals the Effect of NB-UVB Phototherapy on Major Inflammatory Molecules of Lesional Psoriasis
Conclusion: NB-UVB is an effective treatment for psoriasis. Our study supports the conclusion that the clinical effectiveness of NB-UVB therapy is based on the suppression of a broad range of inflammatory signaling pathways, gene expression of inflammatory cytokines and increased expressions of anti-inflammatory signaling pathways in psoriatic skin. This is the first study that applied advanced molecular techniques to investigate phototherapy as a new key to unlock genetic knowledge and create novel information. Ultimately, the goal is to increase medical knowledge and improve the patient care of psoriasis.
April 07, 2022
An Update on Narrowband Ultraviolet B Therapy for the Treatment of Skin Diseases
The objective of this review is to provide an update on narrowband ultraviolet B (NB-UVB) as a treatment for various skin conditions. NB-UVB works by suppressing the cutaneous cell-mediated immune response and has been shown to be an efficacious and clinically tolerable treatment for a range of inflammatory dermatoses. A literature search was conducted by advanced searches of PubMed for NB-UVB treatment of dermatologic skin diseases with a focus on reports from 2010 to 2021, including both office-based and home-based phototherapy (HBPT). Data were prioritized based on studies with a high level of evidence using the Oxford Evidence-Based Medicine guidance. We found that NB-UVB continues to serve as an effective form of therapy for several cutaneous conditions, including vitiligo, psoriasis, atopic dermatitis, mycosis fungoides, and other inflammatory dermatoses. The recent introduction of Janus kinase inhibitors in combination with NB-UVB suggests future promise in the treatment of vitiligo. Despite its rise in popularity, a decline was seen in office-based NB-UVB treatment during the coronavirus disease 2019 pandemic. Options are available to deliver NB-UVB at home with comparable efficacy to office-based treatments. In conclusion, for a select group of patients and conditions, NB-UVB continues to serve as an effective treatment modality with minimal side effects, with HBPT serving as an option to improve patient compliance.
July 06, 2020
Cracked Heel–This is a condition that can be very irritating to the horse and difficult to clear up. It is a form of psoriasis and occurs in the hollow of the pastern. It will be found most frequently in wet, cold weather. Even in horses it is the same as the human condition and is both an autoimmune skin disease and an inflammatory disorder.
Although not proven yet - some horse owner use the UVB Treamtment lamp with good results.
July 03, 2020
Idiopathic non-inflammatory leukoderma in horses have differentnames for these circumstances, concerns Pinky or Fading syndrome. Die in the perception that you know the importance of vitiligo. Vitiligo also affects other others and some animals. The shape and size of the vitiligo can be spontaneous. Vitiligo can manage the snout, face and genital areas and any area of the horse that is fine-haired. There is no 100% treatment. What you see is probably only cosmetic and not harmful to the horse. Some need vitamin or mineral deficiency to monitor vitiligo. Therefore, you have maintained your feeding routine and completed a supplement to manage any deficit. Vitiligo also gilds as hereditary and in some breed counts.